Located at a geography that has an importance strategically and for its natural sources, it is possible to see settlements since Paleolithic Age in ancient history of Kommagene Kingdom.
Mentioned and praised couple of times in Assyrian Trade Colonies tablets as well, its surroundings and a part of Syrica bordering today’s Turkey, was under the reign of Hittite Empire after Kummuh Kingdom. No matter how good they kept the relations with Hittites after Kummuh Kingdom was awakened by 1000 B.C, its preminence was ended again by Assyrian Trade Colonies by around 700 B.C.
Until Persian Empire, It slightly got rather underdeveloped once it was under the reign of Babylon King Napupolassar around back in 600 B.C in art, society and cultural factors. Even if we don’t have a great idea to which mayor of Persia it really belong, we can say that they had a higher class life for a longer while.
Upon Alexander The Great’s defeating the Persian Empire, Greek culture gained the sovereignty in the region which brought more enrichness in terms of the cultural values and varities to build up such a great mosaic.
The mayor of Seleukos started a rebellion in 160’s B.C, declaring the independence of Kommagene Kingdom and naming the ancient Kummuh; Samosata as the capital city. While it was not a super powerful political kingdom within those ages, it did protect its freedom for a long while and those kings after himself; Arsemas II and Samos carried on the customs and traditions. Symbolizing the kingdom of those times, the most important records are the coins which were depicted with Persian dressing and the relief of Samos II raised up around 4 meters on a rock at Gerger Castle.
The chronolohy followed for another decade until the voice of local authorities was taken away by the Armenian King Tigranes II which would last till 69 B.C when King Antiochos I ascended the throne.